Dictionaries & Lexicons


Here's what you will find on this page:

On Lexicography and Word Studies
Online Lexicons and Dictionaries
Books and Other Manuscripts


On Lexicography and Word Studies

Decker's Introduction to Using BDAG
The late Rod Decker gives a brief introduction to the history of Greek lexicons in the English language, and then introduces the reader to how to use BDAG, the standard Greek-English lexicon for NT studies.
Himes, Paul. "The Meaning of Words"
In this two-part blog post, Paul Himes discusses in simple but accurate language how to understand word meanings. In Part 1: Words and Concepts, he distinguishes between words and concepts, showing that one word can refer to multiple concepts, and one concept can have multiple words that describe it. In Part 2: Context and Semantic Range, he explains that "both a knowledge of semantic range (how a word is used elsewhere) and context are key to determining meaning," and "etymology can be helpful but should only be used as a last resort in determining meaning."
How to Use Louw-Nida's Greek-English Lexicon
This youtube video gives a brief introduction to Louw and Nida's Greek-English Lexicon. This lexicon is distinct because it arranges the words by semantic domains rather than by alphabetical order. The author of the video shows you how to use it in the logos format.
Lee, John A. L. A History of New Testament Lexicography
Lee's work provides a behind-the-scenes look at the history of New Testament lexicon writing.
Silva, Moisés. Biblical Words and their Meaning
Silva's book is a helpful introduction to the concept of lexical semantics—the branch of linguistics that has to do with words and "how" they mean—geared toward the student of biblical languages. You can find a PowerPoint summarizing the book here.
Varner's Introduction to the Use of BDAG
William Varner of the Master's Seminary is a guest on Daily Dose of Greek to show viewers how to use BDAG. See also Part 2 and Part 3.

Online Lexicons and Dictionaries

Διογένης (or, Diogenes) Searching Software
This is a free tool for searching and browsing the databases of ancient texts, primarily in Latin and Greek, that are published by the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae and the Packard Humanities Institute. Please note that the aforementioned databases are not distributed with Diogenes and must be obtained separately.
Greek Lexical Parser
This searchable Greek/Hebrew parser is featured on Biola’s The Unbound Bible page. It allows users to search on the Greek word or root, and it interacts with Biola’s MultiLex Biblical Lexicon.
Kata Biblon Lexicon
Kata Biblon is an open source lexicon. It has (1) glosses and some extended definitions, (2) inflectional charts showing the various forms, and (3) all the actual forms found in the GNT and the LXX. A very helpful resource!
Liddell-Scott Greek-English Lexicon
Use Perseus' search engine to find entries on Greek words in Liddell-Scott.
MultiLex Biblical Lexicon
This searchable Greek/Hebrew lexicon is featured on Biola’s The Unbound Bible page.
S. C. Woodhouse's English-Greek Dictionary
The University of Chicago Library makes this classical Greek dictionary available online here. Enter the English word, press enter, and be directed to a digital image of Woodhouse's text.  
Strong’s Lexicon
This searchable Greek/Hebrew lexicon is featured on Biola’s The Unbound Bible page.
Teknia Greek Dictionary
This is an expanding Greek dictionary that allows students to select entries alphabetically (on the left of the page) and search for words based on their Strong’s number, GK number, or transliteration.
The Bible Tool
This is an online, searchable Bible database created by CrossWire Bible Society, SBL, and the American Bible Society. Users can search for Greek words in a number of resources (located on the left side of the page).
Thesaurus Linguae Graecae
"The Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG®) is a Special Research Program at the University of California, Irvine. Founded in 1972 the TLG® represents the first effort in the Humanities to produce a large digital corpus of literary texts. Since its inception the project has collected and digitized most texts written in Greek from Homer (8 c. B.C.) to the fall of Byzantium in AD 1453. Its goal is to create a comprehensive digital library of Greek literature from antiquity to the present era. TLG research activities combine the traditional methodologies of philological and literary study with the most advanced features of information technology." While some of their resources require a paid subscription to access, others such as the Online Liddell-Scott-Jones Greek-English Lexicon are available for free.
Tyndale House's "2LetterLookup"
This wonderful resource allows you to type in the first letters of the word you are trying to look up by clicking on the letters in the sidebar. It then links you to various lexical resources. It allows you to look up words in Greek, Hebrew or Aramaic, Latin, Syriac, Coptic, Akkadian, and Arabic.
This is the German Bible Society’s free online lexicon and encyclopedia. The New Testament section is published by Stefan Alkier. Please note that they recommend viewing with Windows 7 for PC's and with Mozilla for Mac's. The list of entries is on the right-hand side, under the heading "dictionary." It is in German.

Books & Other Manuscripts

Abbott-Smith's Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament
This is available at Archive in a number of different formats.
Bauer/Danker's BDAG Greek-English Lexicon
This is the third edition, and is often considered the standard for the study of New Testament Greek. For reviews, see Rodney Decker's post here and Jerker Blomqvist review here.
Bullinger's Critical Lexicon and Concordance
This is the complete text of E.W. Bullinger's A Critical Lexicon and Concordance to the English and Greek New Testament. It is available in multiple formats.
Moulton/Milligan's Vocabulary of the Greek Testament
This classic work emphasizes the uses of Greek words in papyri and other non-literary works.
Souter's A Pocket Lexicon to the Greek New Testament
This is an early 20th century New Testament Greek lexicon written by Alexander Souter (PDF format).
Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon
This is actually an enlargement of Grimm Wilke's Clavis Novi Testamenti. It is available for download in multiple formats.  
Trenchard, Warren C. A Concise Dictionary of New Testament Greek
This is dictionary, for sale at Amazon.com, attempts to serve as a middle ground between a simple vocabulary guide and a fully exhaustive lexicon. As one reviewer has said, it is "up to date and full of detailed lexical information, yet, in accordance with its title, remains concise and succinct."
Veitch's Greek Verbs: Irregular and Defective
This is a Classical Greek dictionary for verbs available on Internet Archive in a number of formats.  
Yonge's An English-Greek Lexicon
This copy of C. D. Yonge's lexicon is available via Google Books for viewing and full download. It may also be viewed on Internet Archive here in multiple formats.